Every camera needs a lens to project the object or the image to be captured onto the sensor. Lenses come in a variety of designs for a wide range of applications: Macro, back-magnification, telephoto, wide-angle, zoom or tilt-shift lens. Basically, lenses can be adjusted in two ways: focal length and aperture. The focal length determines how close or how far away objects must be to be in focus. This is also referred to as focusing. The aperture controls how much light falls through the optics onto the sensor. If the aperture is wide open, a lot of light falls on the sensor and the depth of field is basically shallow. If you close the aperture, the image becomes darker, but the depth of field increases.
In our systems we use a special lens, which was designed for the digitization of documents and books. Here we pay a lot of attention to a distortion-free image in order to avoid deformations of the documents. This ensures that the documents are also scanned and displayed at right angles and true to scale. In addition, the lens we use differs from other commercially available lenses in that it is apochromatic corrected and has extremely high sharpness even in the peripheral areas. This is because unlike in photography, when digitizing, the important image information is not only in the center of the image, but also, or especially, in the peripheral areas.